Quit Smoking, Live smoke free

Living smoke-free is your opportunity to live a healthier and probably longer life. Living smoke-free can also mean a better quality of life — with more stamina and a better ability to appreciate tastes and smells.

But living smoke-free doesn’t mean living stress-free. In fact, smokers often cite stress as a reason for relapsing.

Instead of using nicotine to help cope with stress, you’ll need to learn new ways to cope. Be proactive. You can find out more about stress management online or at the library. For more help, talk with your doctor or a mental health provider.
One of the first steps of your plan should be “Get support.”

Support can come from family, friends, your doctor, a counselor, a support group or a telephone quit line. Support can also come from use of one or more of the medications approved by the Food and Drug Administration for smoking cessation.

Another key step in your quit-smoking action plan? Planning for challenges. For example, make a list of high-risk places you’ll want to avoid when you start your quit-smoking plan. Think of other places to go where smoking isn’t allowed, such as a shopping mall, a museum or movie theater.
If you smoke, you may worry about what it’s doing to your health. You probably worry, too, about how hard it might be to stop smoking. Nicotine is highly addictive, and to quit smoking — especially without help — can be difficult. In fact, most people don’t succeed the first time they try to quit. It may take more than one try, but you can stop smoking.

Travel health – most common travel related health issues

Jet lag — Older adults may have more severe jet lag and take longer to recover. Travelers can minimize jet lag by shifting to the local schedule as soon as possible. Travelers may be able to avoid jet lag by adjusting sleep schedules a few days before travelling.

Traveler’s diarrhea — Contaminated food or water or anxiety and jet lag can contribute to traveler’s diarrhea. It often strikes abruptly and causes four to five loose or watery bowel movements. In most cases, traveler’s diarrhea will go away in a day or two without medical treatment. Most doctors don’t recommend preventive medications such as antibiotics or bismuth subsalicylate (Pepto-Bismol), except in special circumstances. The best prevention is good hand hygiene and food and water safety. International travelers should drink only bottled beverages or liquids that have been boiled.

Motion sickness — Travellers susceptible to motion sickness should consult a physician about over-the-counter or prescription medications. Some natural remedies have been shown to reduce symptoms, too. Options include acupressure wristbands, ginger tea or dietary supplements or aromatherapy.

Altitude sickness is caused by dry air, a decrease in oxygen, and low barometric pressure when travelled to a higher altitude than you’re used to. As a result, you may have problems, such as headaches, dehydration, and shortness of breath. Some people are affected at 5,000 feet (1,524 meters), but others aren’t affected until they reach altitudes of 10,000 feet (3,048 meters) or more.

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)-  It is viral respiratory illness first reported in Saudi Arabia in 2012. It is caused by a coronavirus called MERS-CoV. Most people who have been confirmed to have MERS-CoV infection developed severe acute respiratory illness. They had fever, cough, and shortness of breath. About half of these people died.

Point to Remember : Travellers of all ages travelling can benefit from a pre travel medical appointment, ideally four to six weeks before departure. The doctor will perform a physical exam and assess the health risks associated with travel plans.

Importance of diet in Dental care

The Food one eats and the beverages one drinks can lead to the development of tooth decay, depending upon:

-The form of food whether it is liquid, solid, sticky or slow to dissolve

-How often one eats sugary foods and beverages and how often one eats or drinks acidic foods and beverages

-The nutritional value of the food

-The combination of food one eats and the order in which one eats it

-Medical conditions such as gastrointestinal reflux and eating disorders can increase the risk of cavities and thus tooth decay

Food that may damage your teeth

1. Hard candies

Though hard candies seem tempting and harmless, eating too many of them can lead to constant exposure to sugar which can be harmful to your teeth. In addition, hard candies can increase the risk of a dental emergency such as a broken or a chipped tooth. An alternate to these hard candies are sugarless gums that carry IDA seal.

2.Chewing ice

It is generally a misconception that ice is good for your teeth, after all, it’s natural to think that ice is made of water without any sugar or any other additive, but the truth is that chewing on hard substances make teeth vulnerable to dental emergencies and it may also damage the dental enamel(white tooth portion).

3. Excessive citrus intake

Excessive intake of acidic food can erode the tooth enamel, making the tooth more vulnerable to tooth decay. Drink plenty of plain water instead of drinking lime sodas.

4. Frequent coffee or tea intake

Coffee or tea can be a healthy beverage choice but excessive consumption of both may stain teeth. If you are in a habit of taking coffee or tea frequently, make sure you have plenty of water to counteract the effect.

5. Sticky foods

Many people relish sticky foods but the truth is that they have a potency to cause tooth decay as it stays on the tooth surface for a longer time, giving more time to harmful bacteria to act over it causing tooth decay. Parents should ensure that children rinse their mouth with water after consumption of sticky candies and chocolates.

6. Potato chips

Everyone loves the nice, satisfying crunch of potato chips, unfortunately potato chips are filled with starch that gets trapped in teeth causing tooth decay. Rinse your mouth with water and floss teeth after consumption.

7. Soft drinks

Carbonated soft drinks have dual effect on teeth as they are both acidic and sweet which increases the risk of tooth decay .Caffeinated beverages, such as colas  tend to dry one’s mouth.

8. Excessive alcohol consumption

Alcohol causes dehydration and dries your mouth. Excessive consumption of alcohol can lead to reduced salivary flow over time, further it can lead to increased risk of tooth decay and other oral infections. Try to curb the frequency of alcohol consumption and drink plenty of water to compensate for the dehydration.

9. Sports drinks

For many sports or energy drinks, sugar is the key component. Though sports drinks are helpful for people involved in prolonged physical or strenuous activities, the sugar content in it is harmful for the teeth. Check the label before consuming any sports drink.

Food that may benefit Dental Health

1. Milk

Milk is an excellent source of calcium and Vitamin D which is essential for tooth development, especially in children.

2. Cheese

Cheese is considered as an anti-cavity food as it stimulates saliva secretion and decreases the risk of tooth decay.

3. Fruits and Vegetables

Fruits and Vegetables have a high amount of fiber and water content, which balance the sugar they contain and thus help to clean the teeth. They also stimulate salivary secretion which washes away the harmful bacteria and debris. In addition, fruits and vegetables are rich sources of Vitamin C (essential for healthy gums and healing of wounds) and Vitamin A (key ingredient required in building tooth enamel).

4 . Protein rich foods

Protein rich foods such as meat, fish, milk, eggs are the best source of phosphorus. Both Calcium and Phosphorus together have a critical role in protecting and rebuilding the tooth enamel.

5. Fluoridated water

Water, particularly fluoridated water is the best beverage for keeping your teeth healthy.