Panic attacks or showing symptoms of panic disorder is a condition which causes uncontrolled fear, apprehension and anxiety. The physical symptoms include sweating, heart palpitations and nausea. According to medical experts, one in hundred people are affected by this condition which usually develops after the age of 20. Panic attacks can go undetected for a long time.

Reason for panic attack

The root cause of panic attack is not exactly known. Though genetics definitely play a role, this condition can also be related to certain phobias, depression, substance abuse and depression.

Panic attacks can also result from a serious accident, death of a loved one, emotional trauma due to separation and intense life-changing experiences.

Symptoms

  • Sudden intense anxiety
  • Sweating, shaking, palpitation
  • A feeling of choking
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain or discomfort
  • Nausea and dizziness
  • Fear of death
  • Numbness or tingling
  • Chills or hot flushes

Remember, panic attacks and heart attacks show similar symptoms. Though it lasts only a few minutes, it can leave a person exhausted and emotionally drained.

Post-traumatic stress disorder, schizophrenia and obsessive compulsive disorder are also known to trigger panic attacks.

Management/Treatment for Panic Attacks

  • Seek psychiatric help
  • Take a break and relax the min
  • Quit / control smoking and drinking
  • Yoga, breathing techniques or meditation techniques can help reduce stress
  • Counselling and behavioral therapy can also reduce stress
  • Avoid caffeine

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