As per WHO, Oral health is a state of being free from chronic mouth and facial pain, oral and throat cancer, oral sores, birth defects such as cleft lip and palate, periodontal (gum) disease, tooth decay and tooth loss, and other diseases and disorders that affect the oral cavity.
Oral health is essential to general health and quality of life. Good oral health is important to your overall well-being.
Oral health has a significant effect on general health and vice versa. It has been proved by researchers over time that an oral infection is capable of causing major health complications. Major effects of oral health on general health are:
- Heart Disease
- Individuals with gum disease are twice at risk of a fatal heart attack. Similarly, individuals with pre existing cardiac diseases need to be more cautious about oral hygiene.
- Oral infections lead to increased blood sugar levels in diabetic patients. Individuals with Diabetes are more prone to gum disease.
- Respiratory problems
- Individuals with oral infections can be affected with critical respiratory diseases such as Pneumonia.
- One of the factors causing premature birth or underweight babies is the presence of gum disease in pregnant woman. The biological fluids that induce labour are activated by the bacteria from gum disease.
The best measure to prevent oral infections is by brushing and flossing on regular basis.